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FishDeals.com | Anabantids | Gouramis Species | Dwarf Gourami
 
Anabantids - Gouramis - Dwarf Gourami
(Colisa lalia) - (Common, Red Neon, Blue Neon)

Dwarf Gourami (Colisa lalia) > Quick Stats
Scientific Name: Colisa lalia
Family: Osphronemidae
Origin: S.E. Asia
Adult Size: 2-2.5"
Social: Community Fish
Lifespan: 4 years
Tank Level: Top, Mid dweller
Diet: Omnivore, eats most foods
Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
Care: Easy
pH: 6.5 - 7.0
Hardenss: 4.0 - 10.0 dGH
Temperature: 72-82 F (22-28 C)
Availability: Males available.

General Information:
Dwarf Gouramies are excellent starter fish, since they're nondemanding, peaceful, and because of their small size (about 5 cm) can be kept well in smaller tanks. In the wild strain the male is very colorful while the female is plain silver.

Compatibility:
They should not be kept with very large or aggressive fish. Ideal tank mates include: Livebearers, Tetras, Danios, Rasboras, Rainbowfish, Barbs, Loaches, Plecos, and scavenger Catfish. Be careful when placing two male dwarf gouramies together. One will usually bully the other, leaving the latter miserable. Generally speaking, male gouramies don't mix well. Some Male Dwarf Gouramis can live together, if they are in a big enough aquarium.

Sexing:
Although it doesn't show the kind of sexual dichromatism seen in African cichlids from the Rift Lakes, still the male is more colourful than the female. Dark gravel will bring out its spectacular coloration. Pairs usually swim side by side.

Breeding/Spawning:

    Not to hard, use a tank with many fine leaved plants, and floating plants like javamos and Riccia fluitans. Temperature should be raised, and lowering the waterlevel helps. The male will build a small but high bubblenest, for which he will use plant parts and other items available to fortify the nest. The male will start to display for the female, which will be hunted away if she's not interested. If the female is willing, a few practice matings will take place prior to the actual mating. Up to 750 sinking eggs will be laid, that are collected only by the male. It's best to remove the female immediately after this. The eggs will hatch within 24 hours and the fry are free swimming after three days. At this point the male should also be removed.

    It is possible to cross C. lalia and C. Labiosa, but the offspring were all male and infertile.

Coloration:

    Females remain a duller silvery blue-gray color, never achieving the brilling colors of the male. Several color hybrids exist, including Blue/Powder Blue), Neon, Rainbow, and Red/Blushing.

    Powder Blues are predominately blue with only a little red showing on the body. Neons display a brighter blue pattern than the standard variety. Rainbows have especially brilliant orange-red bodies and blue stripes, in addition to a green-gold metallic sheen. Reds are almost solid red throughout the body, with solid blue dorsal fins.

Maintenance:

    Since Dwarf Gouramis are somewhat prone to disease, water quality and careful choice of companions are crucial to their well-being. Any form of stress, such as poor water conditions or bullying, can promote infections.
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External Web Resources
References/Further Reading

Andrews, C. 1986 A Fishkeeper's Guide to Fish Breeding. Salamander, London. 117 pp., color illus.
Boggs, Sallie S. 1981. Mouthbrooding Bettas (Betta pugnans, B. picta, B. taeniata, B. brederi). FAMA 9/81.
Lucas, Gene A. 1987. Betta pugnax: Observations on a large mouthbrooding Betta. FAMA 3/87.
Mills, D. 1984 A Fishkeeper's Guide to Community Fishes. Tetra Press, Morris Plains, NJ. 117 pp., some color.
Pinter, H. 1986 Labyrinth Fish. Barron's, Woodbury, NY. 144 pp., some color illus.
Richter, Hans-Joachim 1988 Gouramis and Other Anabantoids. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 224 pp.er,
Vierke, J. 1986 Vierke's Aquarium Book. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 352 pp.
Vierke, J. 1988 Bettas, Gouramis and Other Anabantoids: Labyrinth Fishes of the World. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 192 pp., color illus.

Popular Gourami Species
Banded Gourami
Colista fasciata
Giant Gourami
Osphronemus gorami
Chocolate Gourami
Sphaerichthys osphromenoides
Dwarf Gourami
Colisa lalia
Honey/Sunset Gourami
Colisa chuna
Kissing Gourami
Helostoma temminckii
Moonlight Gourami
Trichogaster microlepis
Pearl Gourami
Trichogaster leeri
Snakeskin Gourami
Trichogaster pectoralis
Thick lipped Gourami
Colisa labiosa
Three-Spot Gourami
Trichogaster trichopterus
(Blue, Gold, Opaline)

 Gouramis Common Species Care Sheet - (PETCO.com)

Follow the above recommendations and you should have a joyful Gouramis experience. Send any questions, comments or pictures to Ask An Expert If you are interested in helping out visit our contributions page.

References/Further Reading


Andrews, C. 1986 A Fishkeeper's Guide to Fish Breeding. Salamander, London. 117 pp., color illus.
Boggs, Sallie S. 1981. Mouthbrooding Bettas (Betta pugnans, B. picta, B. taeniata, B. brederi). FAMA 9/81.
Lucas, Gene A. 1987. Betta pugnax: Observations on a large mouthbrooding Betta. FAMA 3/87.
Mills, D. 1984 A Fishkeeper's Guide to Community Fishes. Tetra Press, Morris Plains, NJ. 117 pp., some color.
Pinter, H. 1986 Labyrinth Fish. Barron's, Woodbury, NY. 144 pp., some color illus.
Richter, Hans-Joachim 1988 Gouramis and Other Anabantoids. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 224 pp.er,
Vierke, J. 1986 Vierke's Aquarium Book. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 352 pp.
Vierke, J. 1988 Bettas, Gouramis and Other Anabantoids: Labyrinth Fishes of the World. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 192 pp., color illus.



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